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WPC Flooring, SPC Flooring and LVT Flooring: What Differences, Similarities and Benefits?

If you own a modern home or have plans to own one in the future, you must have heard of vinyl floorings. These

affordable and stylish flooring options are increasingly becoming the choice of many homeowners and commercial property

owners who want to give their living and working spaces a fresh look. 

There are three main types of vinyl flooring - WPC flooring, LVT flooring

and SPC flooring. In terms of market entry, traditional versions of

Luxury Vinyl Tile flooring have been in the market for many years. With time, changes in buyer preferences led to the

development of advanced flooring solutions that saw rigid core vinyl such as WPC and SPC flooring hit the market.

Even so, each flooring type comes with its own set of benefits and drawbacks that you need to consider before settling

for one. Though different, the three flooring types share several similarities.

In this article, we explore the benefits, differences and similarities that SPC Vinyl flooring, LVT and WPC floorings


Before we delve into this, let's first define each of these vinyl floorings:

LVT Flooring

Luxury Vinyl Tile is an updated and innovative version of vinyl flooring that is today a top contender when it comes to

floor installations in commercial and living spaces. Designed with a real wood, stone or ceramic look,

carpet grain LVT flooring is not just

affordable, it is also durable, waterproof and resistant to scratches. 

SPC Flooring

Stone Plastic Composite (SPC flooring), also referred to as Rigid Vinyl Plank, is an upgrade of LVT. SPC vinyl

flooring comes with multiple layers and backing options that make it ideal for homes. Some key aspects that make it

stand out include low noise levels, no warping, eco-friendliness and insulation against sound and heat. 

WPC Flooring

Wood Plastic Composite (WPC) derives its name from the wood-like material used to make it. These materials include a

foaming agent known as polyvinyl chloride, plasticisers, wood flour and calcium carbonate. 

Benefits of LVT, WPC and SPC Flooring

There are numerous benefits that home and commercial property owners derive from using vinyl floorings. These include:

1.Wear Resistance

All three vinyl floorings - WPC, SPC and Luxury Plank Vinyl have a high resistance to wear and tear. This means if you

choose to install any of them in your home or commercial entity, you can use them for a long time without seeing signs of

wear and tear on them. 

2.Do Not Fade Fast

While WPC, LVT and SPC floorings will eventually fade, they do not do so fast. As a matter of fact, these flooring

score moderately when it comes to fade resistance. This is because they have a UV coating treatment that keeps their color

from fading fast. This means that once installed, you don't have to worry about your floor losing its shine and color

in a few years. With proper maintenance, you can enjoy a great floor appearance for a considerably long time. 

3. 100% waterfroof

When constructing a home or a commercial building, you'll need to put waterproof flooring in rooms. The

high moisture resistance feature in LVT, SPC and WPC floor makes them an obvious choice for such spaces. SPC and WPC floor

have a core that is completely waterproof. These vinyl click floor can be installed in places like kitchens, bathrooms,

basements and laundry rooms where hardwood or moisture sensitive floor types are not recommended. 

4.Easy to Install

Installing WPC, SPC or LVT floor is pretty easy and DIY installation is possible. Since the vinyl planks are easy to

attach and lock, they can be installed on any existing floor or subfloor without using glues. 

However, there are places that each floor type works well. For instance, due to their rigid core, SPC vinyl plank

flooring are suitable for commercial buildings. On the other hand, WPC floor are most suitable for residential spaces due

to their ability to hide floor imperfections. LVT vinyl flooring work well in leveling uneven surfaces while WPC can cover

crafts on concrete or wooden floor. 

5.Design Options 

If you decide to fix a WPC, LVT or SPC floor in your commercial or living space, you'll be spoilt for design

choices. All the three floor types are available in numerous designs. They are available in just about any pattern and


Making them in different designs is easy - all manufacturers have to do is to print patterns on the vinyl layer. Most

designs resemble other floor types. For instance, you'll find SPC and WPC floor that have designs similar to stone,

tile and hardwood flooring.

6.Easy to Maintain 

All three floor types are pretty easy to clean and maintain. To keep them looking great, all that home or commercial

space users have to do is sweep them regularly and clean them occasionally. 

Key Differences and Similarities Between LVT, WPC and SPC Flooring

While they have similarities, WPC, LTV and SPC floorings also have several differences. These include: 

1.Manufacturing Materials

These three vinyl floorings differ in the composition of the materials that are used to make them. SPC flooring is made

from polyvinyl chloride, limestone powder and stabilizers. While WPC floorings also contain polyvinyl chloride, the other

materials differ from those used in SPC flooring. The limestone powder and stabilizers are replaced by plasticisers, wood

flour and calcium carbonate in WPC flooring. 

2.Structural Design

LVT, WPC and SPC are all hybrid flooring. This means they are designed with several layers. However, the layers vary in

type from one flooring type to another. For instance,

wood grain SPC flooring
has a core layer that is made of PVC powder, a stabilizer and calcium powder. On the other

hand, LVT Vinyl Flooring have a decor and a wear layer. For the WPC floor, the core area comprises a foaming layer and an

LVT layer that has PVC powder, calcium powder and a plasticizer.

The other major structural difference between WPC and LVT or SPC flooring is in the way they have been

constructed. LVT Plank flooring have a PVC core while SPC vinyl plank flooring have a rigid core. However, both of

them can move and even flex with ease. This is not the case with WPC floorings. Due to the wood-plastic composite material

that is used to fix their core, these floorings are more stable and more solid compared to LVT and SPC vinyl flooring.

3.UV Top Coating

The top layer in the all three vinyl floors -SPC, LVT and WPC - are the same. Each of these floor has a UV coating that

helps in maintaining their lush appearance by preventing color fading. 

4.Thickness of Floor Planks

Generally, the thickness of the three flooring planks ranges between between 3.2mm and 8mm. However, WPC floor planks

are much thicker compared to LVT and SPC floorings. With a thickness that ranges between 3.2 mm and 7mm, SPC Vinyl flooring

are not as thick as LVT plank flooring that measure 4mm and WPC flooring that have a minimum thickness of 5mm.  

5.Firmness of Vinyl Planks

When it comes to firmness and cushioning, WPC floor carry the day. The sturdiness of floor vinyl is largely determined

by the material that is used to develop its core. Since WPC vinyls have a thicker core than

stone grain SPC flooring or

stone grain LVT flooring, it is more stable

and has a cushioned feel when you walk on it. SPC floor also have a relatively high level of sturdiness, which causes the

floor to feel softer. The sturdiness also protects SPC flooring against dents and wear.

6.Floor Plank Insulation

Insulation capabilities vary from one floor type to the other. If you prioritize sound insulation, go for a floor plank

that has a thicker core like WPC. Because they do not have thick cores, LVT and SPC flooring perform poorly when it comes

to absorbing noise than WPC floor. The thickness absorbs impact sounds, which reduces the noise that the floors produce as

you walk on them. 

7.Durability of Vinyl Planks

While all three floor types are designed to last for an extended period of time, their durability varies from one floor

type to another. In most instances, durability of vinyl floor is determined by how thick the top wear layer is. 

Even so, SPC floor is not as thick as WPC flooring. However, the former are denser than WPC floor - an aspect that

makes them more resistant to damage arising from heavy weight or impacts. Since they do not tear or wear easily, SPC floor

become ideal for areas that are prone to high traffic.

8.Cost of Vinyl Planks

Vinyl planks are generally not as expensive as other forms of flooring. However, out of WPC, SPC and LVT flooring, SPC

flooring tends to be the most affordable. 

9.Resistance to High Temperature

While LVT, SPC and WPC flooring can be installed in rooms that have high moisture exposure, not all of them can

withstand high temperatures. WPC and LVT floor do not work well in spaces that experience high temperature changes. If you

have such spaces, carpet grain SPC flooring will

perform much better compared to the other two. This is because SPC floor have a denser core that causes them to resist

contractions and expansions compared to WPC floors. 

10.Environmental Friendliness

Eco-friendliness of vinyl floors depends on the materials that are used to make them. Since WPC and

Wood grain LVT flooring contain plasticiser, a

material that is not eco-friendly, they are not considered environmental friendly. SPC flooring do not contain artificial

materials like glue and plasticiser. These vinyl floors are therefore considered eco-friendly - which makes them a great

choice for pets and kids.

  • Created: 18-08-21
  • Last Login: 18-08-21

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